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Defining Science

The relationship between sociological perspective, methodology and methods; definitions of "science" and a "scientific ethos; the concept of methodology and its relationship to methods.

Is Sociology A Science?

The theoretical basis of sociological methodologies such as Positivism and Interpretivism; the difference between inductive and deductive positivism; the Hypothetico-Deductive model of scientific methodology; the Realist critique of positivism; the relationship between sociology and science.

 Is Science Scientific?

1

The theoretical principles of Positivist, Interpretivist and Realist methodologies; The difference between reconstructed logics and logics-in-use.

Is Science Scientific?

2

The idea that all observation is theory-dependent; The extent to which a positivist methodology is characteristic of Natural science; The concept of science considered as an ideology; The Realist view of science.

Sociology and Science

Positivist, Realist, Interpretivist and Feminist forms of science, reliability and validity.

Research Considerations

Practical and theoretical research considerations; The "four-cornered relationship model" of sociological research; The concepts of: Ontology, Epistemology, Methodology and Methods and their theoretical relationship.

Reliability, Validity, Triangulation

The concepts of reliability and validity. The concept of triangulation (methodological and theoretical).

Value-Freedom

Definitions of value-freedom, objectivity and subjectivity; Objectivism and Subjectivism; The difference between personal objectivity / subjectivity and methodological objectivity / subjectivity; Notes on Post-Modernist conceptions of knowledge.

Sociological Theory Chapter

This complete textbook chapter, taken from A2 Sociology for AQA, covers:

1. Concepts of modernity and postmodernity in relation to sociological theory – consensus, conflict, structural and social action theories.

2. The nature of ‘science’ and the extent to which sociology may be regarded as scientific.

3. The relationship between theory and methods.

4. Debates about subjectivity, objectivity and value-freedom.

5. The relationship between sociology and social policy.

Methodologies

1

Basic principles of Positivist, Realist and Interpretivist methodology.

Methodologies

2

Reference chart applying concepts of Ontology, Epistemology, Methodology and Methods.

Functionalism

Basic overview of Functionalist principles and general criticisms of this perspective.

Marxism

Basic overview of Marxist principles and general criticisms of this perspective.

Weberianism

Basic overview of Weberian principles and general criticisms of this perspective.

Interactionism

Basic overview of Interactionist Sociology, including basic principles and general criticisms.

Sociological Theory

An introduction to the concept of theory; understanding sociological perspectives (Functionalism, Marxism, Interactionism, Feminism, Post-Modernism).

Feminism

1

Revision notes that provide an overview of the basic principles involved in various different forms of Feminist thought (Liberal, Marxist, Socialist, Radical), general points of criticism in relation to each type of Feminism.

Feminism

2

Revision chart that provides an overview of the basic principles involved in various different forms of Feminist thought (Liberal, Marxist, Socialist, Radical, Black and Post-modern). A brief - but more user-friendly - outline of each strand of Feminism..


Notes

Sociological Theory

Resources

Introductory | Deviance | Identity | Education | Family | Global | Media |

Methods | Politics | Inequality | Theory | Religion | Welfare


Notes | PowerPoint | Video | NotAFactsheet | Lesson Plans | Worksheets | Revision | Simulations