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Research Methods

The Research Process

Quantitative Research Methods

Qualitative Research Methods

Mixed Methods

Overt Participant Observation illustrated by Venkatesh's "Gang Leader for a Day"


Systems Theory: It’s Functionalism, Jim. But not as you know it.

Modernity and Sociological Theory

Postmodernity and Sociological Theory

Globalisation: Economic, political and cultural dimensions.

Global Culture: 3 views on the nature and extent of changing global culture.

Global Culture – Video Version: As above except this version uses video examples rather than static pictures.

Risk Society: It's modernity, Jim. But not as you knew it.

Risk Society Magazine: As above, but with a radically redesigned "Magazine Stylee" (plus around 5 minutes of embedded video featuring Ulrich Beck and Brian Wynne).


Educational Achievement and Intelligence: The IQ debate in Education

Crime and Deviance

Theories of Crime and Deviance 1: Functionalist, Ecological, Critical.

Theories of Crime and Deviance 2: Interactionism, Deviancy Amplification, Postmodern Criminology, Constitutive criminology

Theories of Crime and Deviance 3:Concepts of power and control, new and traditional penology, Actuarial approaches, Administrative criminology, Left and Right Realism.

The Social Distribution of Crime: Class,age,gender,ethnicity and locality.

Rational ChoiceTheory

Routine Activities Theory: Crime as a Cause of Crime?

Routine Activities Theory: Crime as a Cause of Crime?: this version includes a short video clip outlining Routine Activities Theory

Market Reduction Approach: Outline of an innovative approach to crime reduction.

Strain Theory: Merton’s classic Strain Theory plus Agnew’s contemporary General Strain Theory

Globalisation and Crime

Crime and Harm: The Critique of Conventional Criminology

A Social Harm Approach to Crime

Women and Binge-Drinking: Includes 3-minute video exploring binge-drinking among young women.

Crime, Deviance and The Spirit Level: Four ways “less equal” societies differ from “more equal” societies in relation to crime.

Left Realism: Key Ideas and Criticisms

Left Realism: The 3-Cornered Approach and Square of Crime


Sociological Perspectives: The Revision Map / Graphic Organiser format may not be everybody’s cup of tea. Sip-it-and-see…

Mass Media: Ownership and Control: Revision Map / Graphic Organiser

Mass Media: Media and Ideology: Marxism (Instrumental and Hegemonic) and Pluralism.

Research Methods overview: Primary, secondary, quantitative and qualitative data.

Primary Research Methods: Questionnaires, Interviews, Experiments, Observation, Visual methods.

Secondary Research Methods: Content analysis, Documents, Statistics.

Research Methodology: Positivism and Interpretivism.

Practical, Ethical and Theoretical Research Considerations

The Research Process: Hypothetico-deductive model / Types of Sampling.

Mass Media

Defining the Mass Media

Media Effects: Direct and indirect media effects models.

Defining and Researching Mass Media: Longer introduction to the Mass Media, plus research methods Content Analysis and Semiology. There’s also a pdf version if you want it.

The Ownership and Control Debate: A pdf version is also available.

The Selection and Presentation of News: There's also a pdf version if you'd prefer it.

Representations of Social Groups: Class, Age, Gender, Ethnicity.

Postmodernism and New Media: Repositioning “audience effects”

Simulacra and Hyperreality: Lesson outline / plan with video examples.

Mass Media Complete: Defining and Researching Mass Media; Ownership and Control Debate; Selection and Presentation of News; Media Representations; Media Effects.

Sociology Shortcuts Magazine

[Online Magazine]


Your own personal online magazine…


Notes | PowerPoint | NotAFactsheet | Lesson Plans | Worksheets | Revision | Simulations | Flipbooks

Issue 1

Issue 2