Two points need to be mentioned here:
Firstly, if your teacher hasn't given you a copy of the syllabus you're following, you should ask them to provide one for you as soon as possible. The syllabus provides a useful overview of your course, the skills you are expected to master, how you will be examined and the like.
Secondly, from the year 2000 exam boards will no longer issue "exam syllabuses"; instead they will issue "exam specifications". There is probably some real and vital difference between a syllabus and a specification, what what that might be I'm not too sure. However, the important thing is that they basically refer to the same thing.